Know the difference between editing and proofreading

Boston School proofreading

A number of English students over the years have asked: What’s the difference between editing and proofreading? A few at a higher level will also ask what’s copy editing?

A quick Google search of “types of editing” shows confusion because blogs tend to overuse the word “editor” and a lot more!

Here are three terms you may come across.  Do you know the difference between them?

  1. Editing
  2. Copy editing
  3. Proofreading


When editing, an editor makes improvements to how the text reads.  This can include changes to the layout, sentence structure or paragraph order. Adding or deleting words or text to refine the story told will improve readability and clarify the message the writer wants to convey.  It is also not uncommon due to word count limits, copy editors can cut text out like a surgeon, making big cuts to your text.

Copy Editing

Copy editing may be required after editing has been completed to make sure the final copy is completely perfect.  Some proofreading including additional spelling or grammar error corrections may be made.  However, no large cuts should be expected in this step. 


Proofreading takes the nearly finished letter, assignment or homework and places it under a microscope. It is a step which removes jargon, ensures correct use of punctuation and confirms you have the correct structure and explanations of arguments in your document. Proofreading occurs nearly writing review step of the process: editing, copy editing and for a very last check before publishing any text.

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Car Talk Radio

General English video grammar exercise


Car was tips car talk This is a show that is so dear to my heart.  I remember listening to this program while driving my first car on the weekends in Boston.  It always made me laugh out loud, and by the way, this was way before the term “LOL” was born!

For those of you who might have a strong interest in the car faults, mysterious noises, basic car mechanics, or are just “petrol heads,” who know when to laugh at a situation, or who like to solve puzzles, the Boston accent and/or a combination of all that in one!…I can highly recommend reviewing their podcasts and show highlights. 

Here’s a sample podcast from the series:


Gregg's Sausage Rolls

The Brits are not just tea lovers!

Ladbaby, cleverly uses the melodies of two very well-known songs, “We Built this City on Rock n’ Roll and “I love Rock n’ Roll”, and change the words “rock n’ roll” into their beloved treat and voila – you’ve got “We’ve Built this City on Sausage Rolls” and “I love Sausage Rolls”.

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